Gurmar is found in dry deciduous forests of India and is also called Madhunasini / Gudmar whereas, in Sanskrit, it is called Mehashringi. The leaves are simple opposite and ovate-elliptic. The flowers are yellow in colour. It grows as a woody climber. It roots at the nodes. Leaves and roots are used medicinally. The name itself signifies as it kills sugar. Hence, popularly Gudmar is known as ‘the insulin plant’. The plants are available in nurseries and the tablets of this are prepared by pharmaceutical companies.
Geological distribution of Gurmar (Gudmar)
The plant Gurmar is native to India. In India, it is found in Karnataka, Kerala, Bihar and Bengal, Punjab, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh. In Chhattisgarh, it is found in isolated places. Some other countries like Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Holland and Arab have also known the use of Gurmar for centuries. The plant is also grown in Africa. In the tropical and sub-tropical region, the plant grows in agro-climatic condition.